Carnival Glass

Carnival Glass was given out as prizes at carnivals and fairs. It was also sold very cheaply in grocery stores. Carnival glass was made to imitate more expensive pieces, such as those made by the Tiffany company, and it was manufactured from 1895 to just before the Great Depression.

What is Fenton carnival glass?

Fenton carnival glass was made by the Fenton Art Glass Company, or FAGCO, which was founded in 1905, by Frank and John Fenton. It was famous for its early Carnival ware, which was called Iridill. Iridill was made between 1907 and 1920 and came in over 150 different designs.

What companies made carnival glass?

The Northwood Glass Company was a manufacturing company that was founded in 1887 by Harry Northwood. The company made fine but inexpensive crystal and art glass in bright colours such as green, red, and pink. There are actually two Northwood companies. The other went by the name Indiana Glass Works and became the Dugan Glass Company in 1904.

The Imperial Glass Company is another manufacturing company founded in 1901 by Edward Muhleman and others in Ohio. It was famous for making wares for carnivals, as well as jelly jars and tumblers for hotels.

What is radium iridescence?

Radium iridescent is a finish that is often found on carnival glass. It was placed on vintage carnival glass while it was molten but cooling down. This gave the item a shine as well as iridescence. A matte finish would result if it was applied while the glass was still very hot. Iridescence is the play of many colours over and within the piece.

What kinds of coloured vintage carnival glass are available?

The types of coloured glass available include:

  • Amethyst: These items come in many shades of purple, from palest lilac to purplish black. Black amethyst looks black, but it reveals its purple colour when held up to a light.
  • Marigold: These pieces have the beautiful golden colour associated with the flower.
  • Opalescent: These pieces remind you of an opal gemstone. It is made when bone ash, or calcium phosphate is added to a molten batch. The main colours depend on which metallic oxide is added to the batch. Chromium creates green, gold makes pink, uranium produces yellow, and copper produces blue. This is done within the furnace.
Does carnival glass use free form?

Free form is when an item is made manually with the artisan's tools such as pontils, crimpers, and battledores and is not placed in a mold. These items are often in a beautiful, sinuous art nouveau style. Carnival glass vases are sometimes made in this way.

Is a fairy lamp carnival glass?

Yes, a fairy lamp is a two-part lamp and is considered to be carnival glass. The shade is small and domed, and it has a hole for ventilation at the top. The candle beneath it is made of wax and traditionally has a wick made of twisted rush.