Flutes have long been considered a soothing and melodic addition to any band. Capable of reaching pitches much higher than those of other band instruments, they are an integral part of any full orchestra composition. From novice to professional, there are many types of flutes to suit everyone from the beginner to the expert player.What types of metal are used to construct flutes?
The type of metal used to make the instrument will depend on the type of flute.
- Student: This design is typically constructed of a metal alloy that is a combination of nickel, copper, and zinc. Student flutes are typically plated with silver or nickel to help protect the flute and create a unique tone.
- Intermediate: An intermediate flute is typically constructed of similar materials to that of the student model. However, this model often features a solid silver head joint, making the flute sound richer and more professional.
- Professional: This flute includes a solid silver head joint and typically also includes a solid silver body. Ideally, this expert-level flute will also include solid silver keys.
To determine if a new flute produces quality sound and is free from any defects, it must first be played thoroughly. To test a new flute, perform the following:
- Play several long notes to warm up the flute.
- Play both slow and fast scales to examine the pitch, tone, and responsiveness of the instrument.
- Test the articulation of the instrument by tonguing slowly and then quickly. Also try playing the instrument without tonguing, using only the diaphragm.
- To test the tone, play the same piece in varying octaves. It is important that the flute produce the same tone throughout a range of octaves.
- Test notes in the lower range for fullness and test notes in the higher range for conciseness and sharpness.
A closed hole flute is typically only used by novice flutists. This type of flute features keys that are pressed down fully on top of each opening in the instrument. The sound of the closed hole flute is very consistent and quite mechanical, while open hole models have a richer and more varied tone. Open hole flutes feature keys containing holes that must be covered fully by the fingers of the flutist. These flutes are capable of creating different sound effects and are typically only used by more advanced players.