• New ListingJimmy Wakely #8 Comic Book 1951

    This is in VG condition.The book is complete.
    C $46.89
    From United States
    C $13.03 shipping
    Publisher: DC
    or Best Offer
    Signed: No
  • New ListingWanted Comics 18 1948 Crime Stories Toytown Publications Satan in Public Enemy 1

    WANTED ISSUE 18 ( ( TOYTOWN PUBLICATIONS COMICS 1948 ) FEATURING THE STORY INTERNATIONAL ENEMY #1! GOLDEN AGE COMICS BLOWOUT! ).
    C $31.26
    1 bid
    Free shipping
    Ending 28 Oct at 22:52 EDT9d 9hTop Rated SellerFrom United StatesSigned: No
  • New ListingNATURE BOY 3 CHARLTON 1956 1ST JOHN BUSCEMA SUPERHERO ART. RARE VF- HIGH GRADE!

    NATURE BOY 3 SCARCE GOLDEN AGE COMIC. ACTUALLY THIS IS THE FIRST ISSUE AND HISTORICALLY IT IS VERY IMPORTANT COMIC FOR A FEW REASONS. THIS IS THE LAST APPEARANCE OF THE ORIGINAL GOLDEN AGE BLUE BEETLE AND EVEN MORE IMPRESSIVE THIS IS THE LEGEND JOHN BUSCEMA VERY FIRST ART ON A SUPERHERO COMIC. HE DOES THE COVER HERE AND IT HAS HIS NAME IN THE CIRCLE BOTTOM RIGHT TO PROVE IT. CONDITION IS 7.5 THIS COMIC HAS ORIGINAL GLOSS AND CREAM TO OFF WHITE INTERIOR PAGES. SOME TANNING INSIDE COVER VERY LIGHT AND STILL SUPPLE. COMIC IS 100 PERCENT UNRESTORED. IT HAS BEEN PROFESSIONALLY CLEANED AND PRESSED AND READY FOR CGC IF YOU LIKE. NO CUT OUTS OR WRITTING. TRY AND FIND A COPY IN ANY GRADE. WE COMBINE SHIPPING SEND A MESSAGE AND ASK PLEASE. NEW BAG AND BOARD.
    C $325.71
    Top Rated Seller
    C $8.73 shipping
    From United States
    or Best Offer
    Publisher: CharltonGrade: 8.5 VF+Signed: No
  • New ListingMURDER INCORPORATED #9 FOX PUBLICATION - CRIME 1949!

    MURDER INCORPORATED ISSUE 9 ( FOX FEATURE SYNDICATE 1949 ) EARLY TALES OF THE MOB! IN VG SHAPE, , COVERS IN NICE SHAPE BUY LOWER STAPLE DETACHED.
    C $30.62
    2 bids
    Free shipping
    Ending 28 Oct at 22:33 EDT9d 9hTop Rated SellerFrom United StatesPublisher: Fox Feature SyndicateSigned: No
  • New ListingCrime and Punishment 32 GD/VG 3.0 * 1 Book Lot * Lev Gleason,1950 Series!

    We will answer them in a prompt manner. All given grades are estimated CGC grades if the given book was certified. If your collecting focus requires a CGC certified book in a given grade you should buy a book already certified.
    C $1.29
    0 bids
    C $8.27 shipping
    Ending 23 Oct at 21:17 EDT4d 8hTop Rated SellerFrom United StatesPublisher: Lev GleasonSigned: No
  • New ListingMr. District Attorney #16 VG 1950 1 Book Lot * DC Crime!

    IN VG SHAPE, , BOTH STAPLES ATTACHED, SLIGHT SPINE ROLL.
    C $26.04
    1 bid
    Free shipping
    Ending 28 Oct at 22:32 EDT9d 9hTop Rated SellerFrom United StatesPublisher: DCSigned: No
  • New ListingCHAMPION COMICS 3 1940 RARE GERBER 6 GOLDENAGE SEA MONSTER COVER ONLY 1 ANYWHERE

    THIS RARE GOLDEN AGE HARVEY COMIC. CHAMPION COMICS 3 (ACTUALLY IS 2ND ISSUE) WAS PRODUCED IN JANUARY 1940 AND IS THE ONLY COPY ANWHERE FOR SALE IN ANY GRADE. YOU WILL PROBABLY NEVER SEE ANOTHER COPY! GERBER 6 SHOULD BE AN 8 SERIOUSLY TRY AND FIND ONE. THE COVER IS COMPLETELY SPLIT AND DETACHED. THIS IS UNRESTORED AND COMPLETE. FEATURING GEORGE PAPP AND H C. KEIFER ART. COMIC HAS NO CUT OUTS AND ALL 64 PAGES ARE PRESENT. NO RUSTY STAPLES IR LOOSE CENTERFOLD. WE HAVE NEVER SEEN A COPY IN 36 YEARS AND PROBABLY NEVER WILL SEE ONE AGAIN. WE SPENT ABOUT 100.00 HAVING THIS COMIC PROFESSIONALLY CLEANED AND PRESSED IT TOOK OVER 8 HOURS. THIS IS READY FOR CGC. WE COMBINE SHIPPING SEND A MESSAGE AND ASK PLEASE. NEW BAG AND BOARD FREE MYLAR.
    C $1,042.28
    Top Rated Seller
    C $8.73 shipping
    From United States
    or Best Offer
    Publisher: HarveyGrade: 2.0 GDSigned: No
  • New ListingDanger Trail #3 COMIC BOOK 1950 Extremely RARE

    C $306.16
    From United States
    C $13.03 shipping
    Publisher: DC
    or Best Offer
    Signed: No
  • New ListingSTRANGE WORLDS #4 September 1951 Avon

    "STRANGE WORLDS" #4 V.1 #4 (September 1951) Avon Periodicals. SEPTEMBER 1951 AVON. STRANGE WORLDS #4. Spine split and has been taped on front and back cover. Small pieces off front and back cover.
    C $254.06
    0 bids
    C $9.77 shipping
    Ending 25 Oct at 19:59 EDT6d 6hFrom United StatesPublisher: AvonSigned: No
  • New Listing" ROY ROGERS COMIC " COMIC - No. 20 - 1949 DELL COMICS

    ROY ROGERS COMICS ISSUE 20 ( DELL COMICS 1949 ) FEATURING THE CASE OF THE LUCKY LEGS. GOLDEN AGE COMICS BLOWOUT!
    C $13.02
    0 bids
    Free shipping
    Ending 28 Oct at 22:38 EDT9d 9hTop Rated SellerFrom United StatesPublisher: DellSigned: Yes
  • New Listing1952 Terrors Of The Jungle Comic Book #19-LB Cole

    This one has 2 1" splits on the spine(top and bottom),and a piece missing in the ape on front(hard to see).
    C $32.56
    0 bids
    C $7.75 shipping
    Ending 26 Oct at 11:30 EDT6d 22hFrom United StatesPublisher: Star PublicationsSigned: No
  • New Listing1949 Comic Book / YOUNG LOVE / Issue #1 / 1.0 - Fair Condition / Simon & Kirby

    The comic book is complete but covers show allot of wear and separations along outside border area'as.
    C $10.41
    1 bid
    C $4.89 shipping
    Ending 25 Oct at 21:22 EDT6d 8hFrom United StatesGrade: 1.0 FRSigned: No
  • New ListingOur Fighting Forces 12 VG- 3.5 1956 Late Golden Age DC War

    We also try to describe the major defects and defects that place the comic in a particular grade (especially defects that cannot be seen in the scans.). We list any restoration that we detect or that we are aware.
    C $1.29
    1 bid
    Free shipping
    Ending 28 Oct at 19:00 EDT9d 5hTop Rated SellerFrom United StatesPublisher: DCGrade: 3.5 VG-Certification: Uncertified
  • New ListingWild Western #24, Oct. 1952 - Pistol Whipped!

    This weighs 10 ozs. This complete issue has overall wear with the cover and all pages attached.
    C $13.02
    0 bids
    C $6.51 shipping
    Ending 25 Oct at 23:08 EDT6d 9hTop Rated SellerFrom United StatesPublisher: MarvelGrade: 3.5 VG-Signed: No
  • New ListingStar Spangled War Stories 13 Good- 1.8 DC War 1953

    We also try to describe the major defects and defects that place the comic in a particular grade (especially defects that cannot be seen in the scans.). We list any restoration that we detect or that we are aware.
    C $1.29
    1 bid
    Free shipping
    Ending 28 Oct at 19:25 EDT9d 6hTop Rated SellerFrom United StatesPublisher: DCGrade: 1.8 GD-Certification: Uncertified
  • New ListingDIARY SECRETS #10 (Matt Baker art) Coverless St. John Publishing 1952 comic

    Condition:This comic is coverless but complete besides that. All of the pages are still firmly attached to the staples. Very small tear near the bottom staple that you can see in the pictures. Overall that book is still in nice shape as you can see from the pictures.
    C $195.41
    Top Rated Seller
    C $4.77 shipping
    From United States
    or Best Offer
    Publisher: St. JohnCertification: UncertifiedSigned: No
  • New ListingGuilty Crime Comics No 2 and 28 Australia Atlas Publications C1950 ... KCL 76

    No 2 and 28 Australia Atlas Publications. Good Condition for its age as per photo - Normal wear and tear of comics of this age.
    C $2.61
    0 bids
    C $5.86 shipping
    Ending 25 Oct at 22:52 EDT6d 9hFrom New ZealandPublisher: Atlas ComicsSigned: No
  • New ListingMutt & Jeff #78 (Al Smith) Golden Age-DC Comics FN {Randy's Comics}

    MUTT & JEFF #78. Mutt & Jeff and Cicero's Cat. Bud Fisher's. Illustrated by Al Smith. DC Comics - Golden Age. NO MATTER HOW MANY COMICS YOU BUY! (Excludes CGC & PGX Graded Comics). Light chipping on back cover.
    C $10.36
    0 bids
    C $3.84 shipping
    Ending 28 Oct at 15:24 EDT9d 2hTop Rated SellerFrom United StatesPublisher: DCGrade: 6.0 FNCertification: Uncertified
  • New Listing1956 Comic Book / TRUE TALES OF LOVE / Issue #25 / 2.0 - Good / COLLETTA COVER

    The comic book has a top left corner chip that goes all the way through the book.
    C $10.41
    1 bid
    C $4.89 shipping
    Ending 25 Oct at 21:20 EDT6d 8hFrom United StatesPublisher: TimelyGrade: 2.0 GDSigned: No
  • New ListingRoy Rogers Comics 7 FINE + 1948 Golden Age Dell Western! Trigger

    ROY ROGERS COMICS ISSUE 7 ( DELL COMICS 1948 ) FEATURING A PHOTO COVER OF HIM AND TRIGGER! GOLDEN AGE COMICS BLOWOUT! FINE TO BETTER SHAPE, , BOTH STAPLES ATTACHED.
    C $13.02
    0 bids
    Free shipping
    Ending 28 Oct at 22:39 EDT9d 9hTop Rated SellerFrom United StatesPublisher: DellSigned: No
  • New ListingCLASSICS ILLUSTRATED JUNIOR Comics No. 519 and 569

    Two CLASSICS ILLUSTRATED comics, no. 519, PAUL BUNYAN, and no. 569, THE THREE GIANTS.  Both show wear but are completely intact.  The Paul Bunyan shows more cover wear of the two with some creasing and edge wear.
    C $6.84
    0 bids
    C $3.26 shipping
    Ending 26 Oct at 12:13 EDT6d 23h
    or Best Offer
    From United StatesPublisher: GilbertonSigned: No
  • New ListingTOM MIX WESTERN #57 1952 Golden Age Fawcett western comic

    TOM MIX WESTERN VOL 10 ISSUE 57 ( FAWCETT PUBLICATION COMICS 1952 ) TOM MIX IN “THE DOUBLE MOTIVE REVENGE!”. GOLDEN AGE COMICS BLOWOUT!
    C $16.92
    0 bids
    Free shipping
    Ending 28 Oct at 22:47 EDT9d 9hTop Rated SellerFrom United StatesPublisher: FawcettCertification: UncertifiedSigned: No
  • New ListingWild West #1, Spring 1948

    Make Supersized seem small. ____________ __ __ __ ____________. Get images that. This weighs 10 ozs.
    C $101.32
    0 bids
    C $6.51 shipping
    Ending 25 Oct at 23:17 EDT6d 10hTop Rated SellerFrom United StatesPublisher: MarvelGrade: 4.5 VG+Signed: No
  • New ListingOur Fighting Forces 11 P/F .5/1.0 Late Golden Age DC War 1956

    We also try to describe the major defects and defects that place the comic in a particular grade (especially defects that cannot be seen in the scans.). We list any restoration that we detect or that we are aware.
    C $1.29
    0 bids
    Free shipping
    Ending 28 Oct at 20:10 EDT9d 6hTop Rated SellerFrom United StatesPublisher: DCGrade: 1.0 FRCertification: Uncertified
  • New ListingFawcett's Funny Animals #9 ! 1943 ! VERY SHARP COPY ! FUN COMIC ! hayfamzone

    There's NEVER a hidden reserve price in the hayfamzone ! For those who don't know, I am NOT a dealer! It has been pleasure over the past three years to send great things to collectors in Canada, England, Austria, Italy, France, Singapore, Norway, Sweden, Belgium, and all across the USA.
    C $1.29
    0 bids
    C $5.21 shipping
    Ending 24 Oct at 12:48 EDT4d 23hTop Rated SellerFrom United StatesPublisher: FawcettSigned: No
  • New ListingShadow Comics Vol 8 #6 Secret Of Vahalla Hall VG A/E

    The feature story is Secret of Valhalla Hall. It is in Very Good condition with browning, creases, stress lines and small tears at the top edge. There is a scribble near the right edge of the front cover.
    C $117.26
    From United States
    Free shipping
    Publisher: Street & SmithSigned: No
  • New Listing1951 Superboy Comic #16

    C $13.02
    0 bids
    C $5.15 shipping
    Ending 26 Oct at 11:35 EDT6d 22hFrom United StatesPublisher: DCSigned: No
  • New ListingTarzan #72 (Jesse Marsh/Russ Manning) Golden Age-Dell FN+ {Randy's Comics}

    TARZAN #72. Illustrated by Jesse Marsh. Featuring 2 complete Tarzan adventures. Illustrated by Russ Manning. Dell Comics - Golden Age. NO MATTER HOW MANY COMICS YOU BUY! (Excludes CGC & PGX Graded Comics).
    C $14.98
    0 bids
    C $3.84 shipping
    Ending 28 Oct at 16:13 EDT9d 3hTop Rated SellerFrom United StatesPublisher: DellGrade: 6.5 FN+Signed: No
  • New ListingSeven CLASSICS ILLUSTRATED Comics, No. 92, 106, 121, 123, 133, 1

    Seven CLASSICS ILLUSTRATED Comics:  Longfellows Miles Standish (extensive cover wear, drill hole), Buffalo Bill (light edge wear only), Wild Bill Hickok (excellent condition), Fang and Claw (light edge wear), The Little Savage (light edge wear), The Time Machine (edge split middle edge, small tear back cover, edge wear), The Invisible Man (General light cover wear with creasing and edge wear).
    C $9.45
    0 bids
    C $3.26 shipping
    Ending 26 Oct at 12:38 EDT6d 23h
    or Best Offer
    From United StatesPublisher: GilbertonSigned: No
  • Action Comics No.1 Exclusive Loot Crate Re-Print Superman #1 Unopened Comic Book

    Replica edition of the original 1938 DC comic that debuted Superman & Zatarra (the father of Zatanna).
    C $18.23
    Top Rated Seller
    C $5.03 shipping
    From United States
    54 sold
    Publisher: DCSigned: No
  • Superman Action Comics #1 Loot Crate June 1938 UNOPENED Reprint COA FREE SHIP!!!

    Most Action Comic #1 reprints contain only the 13 page Superman story. All comics are still in the original Loot Crate plastic bag, unopened, containing the Loot Crate COA. SEALED copy of the Loot Crate January 2017 Action Comics #1 reprint.
    C $15.57
    Top Rated Seller
    Free shipping
    From United States
    17 watching
    Publisher: DCSigned: No
  • New ListingTomahawk #35 1955 DC Comics Meets the Young Davy Crockett in The White Buffalo

    GOLDEN AGE COMICS BLOWOUT! IN GOOD SHAPE, , BOTH STAPLES ATTACHED, SPINE ROLL THOUGH.
    C $19.53
    0 bids
    Free shipping
    Ending 28 Oct at 22:44 EDT9d 9hTop Rated SellerFrom United StatesPublisher: DCCertification: UncertifiedSigned: No
  • New ListingBlack Rider #14, Marvel, Timely Atlas

    Black Rider #14, VG/F - 5.0. Just general wear, complete and readable. 52 big pages and a Joe Maneely story!
    C $57.33
    Top Rated Seller
    C $4.56 shipping
    From United StatesPublisher: MarvelSigned: No
  • New ListingFive CLASSICS ILLUSTRATED Comics, No. 6, 41, 45, 46,69

    Five CLASSICS ILLUSTRATED Comics:  Around the World in 80 Days (overall wear, split left edge with a small piece missing, all intact), Kidnapped (excellent condition), Tom Brown's School Days (light wear only), Twenty Years After (light edge wear only), A Tale of Two Cities (light wear only).
    C $9.45
    0 bids
    C $3.47 shipping
    Ending 26 Oct at 12:23 EDT6d 23h
    or Best Offer
    From United StatesPublisher: GilbertonSigned: No
  • New ListingRed Ryder Comics #62 (Sept 1948, Dell) King of the Royal Mounted - Coyote Kids

    Red Ryder Comics #62 (Sept 1948, Dell). King of the Royal Mounted - Coyote Kids. secured between two strong pieces of cardboard. I do appreciate if you cash out once a week for combinations. All comics start at 99 cents with no reserve.
    C $1.29
    0 bids
    C $4.56 shipping
    Ending 25 Oct at 21:01 EDT6d 7hTop Rated SellerFrom United StatesPublisher: DellSigned: No
  • New ListingGuilty Crime Comics No 3 and 5 Australia Atlas Publications C1950 ... KCL 77

    No 3 and 5 Australia Atlas Publications. Good Condition for its age as per photo - Normal wear and tear of comics of this age.
    C $2.61
    1 bid
    C $5.86 shipping
    Ending 25 Oct at 22:52 EDT6d 9hFrom New ZealandPublisher: Atlas ComicsSigned: No
  • New ListingTomahawk #2 Comic Book 1950

    This is in VG/Fcondition.
    C $221.47
    From United States
    C $13.03 shipping
    Publisher: DC
    or Best Offer
    Signed: No
  • New ListingMYSTERIES WEIRD AND STRANGE #2 ==> VG- FINEST PRE-CODE HORROR SUPERIOR 1953

    UNCANNY MYSTERIES WEIRD AND STRANGE #2 (SUPERIOR, 1953). CONDITION: VG- (3.5).
    C $284.46
    Top Rated Seller
    C $9.12 shipping
    From United StatesGrade: 3.5 VG-Certification: UncertifiedSigned: No
  • New ListingGuilty Crime Comics No 25 and 3 Australia Atlas Publications C1950 ... KCL 78

    No 3 and 25 Australia Atlas Publications. Average Condition for its age as per photo - Normal wear and tear of comics of this age. 3 has corner missing and 25 hole in front.
    C $2.61
    0 bids
    C $5.86 shipping
    Ending 25 Oct at 22:52 EDT6d 9hFrom New ZealandPublisher: Atlas ComicsSigned: No
  • New ListingGuilty Crime Comics No 8 and 32 Australia Atlas Publications C1950 ... KCL 79

    No 8 and 32 Australia Atlas Publications.
    C $2.61
    1 bid
    C $5.86 shipping
    Ending 25 Oct at 22:52 EDT6d 9hFrom New ZealandPublisher: Atlas ComicsSigned: No
  • New ListingGuilty Crime Comics No 8 and 37 Australia Atlas Publications C1950 ... KCL 75

    No 8 and 37 Australia Atlas Publications. Good Condition for its age as per photo - Normal wear and tear of comics of this age.
    C $2.61
    0 bids
    C $5.86 shipping
    Ending 25 Oct at 22:52 EDT6d 9hFrom New ZealandPublisher: Atlas ComicsGrade: 8.0 VFSigned: No
  • New ListingBig-3 #4 1941 GD- 1.8

    Grade: GD- 1.8. Published 1941 by Fox. This is a low grade item. The story will be complete and readable, butthe item itself will have major defects. We buy tens of thousands of comics a month. We buy everything from large modern collections to individual high value Golden Age and Silver Age books and everything in between.
    C $338.74
    Top Rated Seller
    Free shipping
    From United StatesGrade: 1.8 GD-Signed: No
  • New ListingMr. District Attorney #22 1951 CGC 8.0 1566286003

    Back-up stories "I Drive a Paddy Wagon" and "The Case of the Stolen Cathode Ray!". Published 1951 by DC. Grade: CGC 8.0. of comics, generally about 25-40 comics depending on page count.
    C $234.51
    Top Rated Seller
    Free shipping
    From United StatesPublisher: DCCertification: CGCSigned: No
  • New ListingMr. District Attorney #32 1953 CGC 8.0 1566286006

    Grade: CGC 8.0. Published 1953 by DC. of comics, generally about 25-40 comics depending on page count.
    C $234.51
    Top Rated Seller
    Free shipping
    From United StatesPublisher: DCCertification: CGCSigned: No
  • MARVEL TALES # 109

    MARVEL TALES # 109, Published by: Marvel Comics.
    C $260.57
    Top Rated Seller
    C $9.05 shipping
    From United States
    or Best Offer
    Signed: No
  • New ListingDICK TRACY MONTHLY #15 PGX 5.0 <> CLASSIC GOLDEN AGE DICK TRACY <> 1949

    PGX 5.0 (1949). As regards ALL our listed comics, both CGC/PGX & non-graded, the photo you see is of that exact comic you will receive. ABOUT “QUICKSILVER COLLECTIBLES”.
    C $233.21
    0 bids
    C $11.47 shipping
    Ending 23 Oct at 23:20 EDT4d 10hTop Rated SellerFrom United StatesPublisher: DellCertification: PGXSigned: No
  • New ListingDICK TRACY MONTHLY #17 PGX 5.0 <> CLASSIC GOLDEN AGE DICK TRACY <> 1949

    PGX 5.0 (1949). As regards ALL our listed comics, both CGC/PGX & non-graded, the photo you see is of that exact comic you will receive. ABOUT “QUICKSILVER COLLECTIBLES”.
    C $233.21
    0 bids
    C $11.47 shipping
    Ending 23 Oct at 23:20 EDT4d 10hTop Rated SellerFrom United StatesPublisher: DellCertification: PGXSigned: No
  • New ListingDC SENSATION COMICS #81 Wonder Woman 1948 Vintage Comic

    We estimate this comic to be in poor condition as the comic is missing its cover. Comic Grading Scale. We have been grading comics for 30 years and the grades stated here are IN OUR OPINION.
    C $195.43
    Top Rated Seller
    C $5.20 shipping
    From United States
    or Best Offer
    Publisher: DCGrade: 9.4 NMSigned: No

Golden Age Comics 1938-1955

Comics from the Golden Age are hard to come by. In fact, they are among the older and more desirable comics on the market. Even seasoned collectors may have problems attaining comics from this era.

When was the Golden Age of comics?

The Golden Age describes an era in the creation of comic books published between the years of 1938 and 1955. Some strict collectors consider the era finished by 1950. These are the years when comics were considered a new and exciting form of art.

Why was it called the Golden Age?

This era is iconic because it is near the birth age of comic books. As such, nearly every superhero was created in this time period. The original Superman, Batman, and several Marvel universe characters originate from this time period. The comics from this time usually explain the creation and early stories of many superhero characters.

What characters were prevalent during the Golden Age?

This era was the age of creation of characters. Here are some well-known characters in each genre.

  • Superhero comics including Captain America, Batman, Superman, Flash, Green Lantern, Plastic Man, Captain Marvel, and Wonder Woman
  • Animal and Disney theme characters including Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck, and Tarzan
  • Teen characters like Archie
  • Various villains
What made this era so memorable?

There are a few aspects that made comic books from that era so desirable. This also helps to explain why books from that era are so special.

  • Rise of print media made it the popular medium for information and entertainment.
  • WWII made people search for an escape from reality.
  • Success of Superman made other creators search for success in the genre.
  • Historically relevant plot lines sought to reflect on events happening during that time.
  • Superhero genre enforced ideas that good ultimately triumphs over evil.
  • Insertion of visual art into society directly impacted the prevalence of art programs in the United States.
How can you tell if a comic is Golden Age?

Here are a few ways that you can check to make sure that the book you are looking at purchasing is legitimate and authentic.

  • Inside cover: Usually the inside cover will say "#1" or "First Edition."
  • Advertisements: They should be relevant from the era the book was published.
  • Dimensions: They are often different in manufactured copies from originals.