Perennial Flowers and Plants

For low-maintenance gardening, hardy perennials are ideal since they don't require replanting each year. They come in a range of colours, like pink and purple, as well as different styles like shrubs and grasses. The key is to pick flower and plant varieties that will grow well in your garden.

What is a perennial?

Perennials are plants that return year after year without the need to replant. They live from three to 20 years depending on variety. Their blooming season is relatively short, sometimes only one to three weeks a year.

How do you choose which perennial varieties to plant?
  1. When planning a garden, think about the colours, sizes, and shapes of the plants you like. It is best to plan out your flowerbeds before buying any plants.
  2. Decide if you want shrubs, flowers, dense foliage, or good ground coverage.
  3. Note how much sun or shade the area has, what type of soil you have, and what climate zone you live in. This information will be important when choosing perennials.
  4. Be inspired by what is available and catches your eye. Perennial plants and perennial flowers are available in seeds, seedlings, and mature plants.
What are some perennials?

Perennials often have short bloom times. For maximum floral effect, here are some varieties that can maximize your garden's potential.

  • Russian sage: If you are looking for a tall plant, this blooming perennial has numerous small flowers.
  • Lavender: Not only does lavender provide a pretty flower, but it also has a fragrant scent and can be used in baking or in the laundry room.
  • Rudbeckia: This genus of the sunflower includes black-eyed Susans and coneflowers. The bloom is daisy-like in shape and usually yellow or orange in colour.
  • Yarrow: Another low-maintenance plant, this flowering herb is prized for its pretty flowers.
  • Dalmatian bellflowers: This purple, star-shaped flower is very long-blooming and provides good ground cover.

Some other long-blooming perennial flowers include garden phlox, sunflowers, moonbeam coreopsis, daylilies, roses, and autumn joy.

Herbs are another option for perennial plants. Sage, chives, oregano, and mint are perennials in most climates. Thyme, rosemary, and bay leaves are evergreen perennials. Herbs can easily be grown from seeds or purchased as plants. Many fruits and vegetables are also perennials, such as artichokes and strawberries.

How do you plant perennials in your garden?
  1. After choosing your plants, choose where you would like each item to grow.
  2. Aerate the garden soil by digging and turning it.
  3. Dig a hole for your plant. The hole should be twice the size of the pot its currently in.
  4. Water the plant in its current pot before gently removing the plant from the pot, taking care not to damage the roots. Place the plant in its new home.
  5. Fill in the dirt around the plant, and press lightly to ensure good coverage.
  6. Water the plant and add any compost, mulch, or fertilizer per the package instructions.