There are more than 100 types of string instruments that are played with a bow in the world including the cello, violin, and viola along with more than 200 that are played by plucking them, like the banjo, ukulele, guitar, and others that are tapped or struck. If you are thinking of obtaining a string instrument, then you probably have many questions. Knowing the answers to common questions can assist you in choosing the stringed instrument to meet your needs.
What are some common parts of string instruments?
Many musical instruments share common parts, although they may be a different size depending on the musical instrument. These parts include:
- Scroll: A decorative piece at the top, which is often shaped like a volute.
- Pegbox and tuning pegs: One end of the strings wrap around the tuning pegs in the pegbox while the other end attaches to the tailpiece.
- Neck: Pressing fingers on the neck on most musical instruments changes the tune of the strings creating music.
- Waist: Most musical instruments get smaller in the middle, making it easier to draw the bow across them.
- Bridge: Holds the strings away from the instruments body.
- Tailpiece: This piece anchors the strings to the body at the bottom of the instrument. Many tailpieces have fine-tuning knobs.
- F-holes: These F-shaped holes in the top of the instrument allow the music to sound louder.
What are some common string instruments in an orchestra?
There are many string instruments in an orchestra including:
- Violins: Most violins are about 24 inches long, and they are normally held between the left shoulder and the chin where they are played with a bow.
- Violas: These string instruments are slightly larger than a violin, but they are held in the same way. While violins are busy playing the melody, violas almost always play harmony.
- Cellos: A cello is about 4 feet long, and it is played with a bow while being held between a seated players knees. These bass instruments often play the bottom melody.
- Double basses: Players almost always stand up to play the double bass because it is almost 6 feet tall. While this instrument is often played with a bow like other string instruments, the strings on it are often plucked.
- Harps: Some orchestras include a harp. This instrument usually has 47 keys that are tuned to match the white keys on a piano. Some harps have foot pedals to assist in making sharp or flat notes from this instrument.
How do you secure a string instrument?
There are many factors to keep in mind when choosing a string instrument. Following this guideline will help you arrive at the appropriate choice for you.Select a type of instrument: Think about all the different types of string instruments and decide which one is right for you.Select size: Most instruments come in at least three different sizes, so if you are smaller or a student, then consider a smaller size.Select tonewood: Ebony, mahogany, spruce, and maple are found in many instruments.Select instrument: Choose the one that suits your preference.